The Paleolithic Diet is based upon a simple theory - our genes determine our nutritional needs, and they developed in relation to the environment in which we evolved. For millions of years our hunter-gatherer ancestors ate combinations of lean meat, seafood, plants, fruit, and nuts. But today, more than 70% of our dietary calories come from foods that our Paleolithic (Stone Age) ancestors rarely if ever ate... and that modern humans are not genetically adapted to eat. These are the foods that are recommended to approximate a Paleo Diet.
Meats (including seafood) and eggs are perhaps the most important components of the Paleolithic Diet.
Vegetables are encouraged, although some versions of the diet except green beans and peas as they are legumes. Some versions simply say that if it can't be eaten raw, don't eat it (though this doesn't mean that it must be eaten raw, only that it should be able to be eaten raw). Potatoes and other starchy tubers (e.g. cassava) are not allowed.
Fruits are generally allowed. Only people who need to lose weight should limit consumption of high sugar fruits. Juices should be consumed in limited quantities.
Nuts and seeds are generally allowed, people who want to lose weight should limit them to four ounces per day. Note that peanuts are legumes and NOT allowed. Unsweetened almond milk and coconut milk are often used as substitutes for dairy.
|Breakfast||Omelet with spinach and mushroom|
|Morning Snack||Fresh berries|
|Lunch|| Grilled salmon
Large mixed vegetable salad and flax oil dressing
|Afternoon Snack|| Guacamole
Raw carrots and celery
|Dinner|| Grilled chicken
|Evening Snack||Baked walnut cinnamon apples|
If dieters commit to this program it can certainly be very effective for weight loss and will reduce the risk of diseases that are associated with obesity and the modern western diet. However it may be difficult to follow especially in the initial stages and many people will experience unpleasant reactions such as fatigue, headaches and cravings. Usually these disappear after several weeks and from that point on the diet is generally very easy for the majority of dieters to adhere to.